Our Processes - Refuse Derived Fuel

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Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF)

The production of Refuse Derived Fuels involves the mechanical processing of household waste using screens, shredders, and separators to recover recyclable materials and to produce a combustible product. Systems involve the removal of inert and compostable materials followed by pulverization to produce a feedstock which can be incinerated in power stations.



1. Approximately 65% of Municipal Solid Waste is separated into a combustible material to enable further formation into high energy producing (RDF) Fuel Pellets. Fly Ash from the combustion of the RDF Pellets may be converted into concrete products.

2. Enables return of "clean" acceptable non-combustible material to EPA approved non-hazardous landfills (7%) resulting in the extension of existing EPA-approved landfill areas resulting in:

1. Considerable savings in equipment and fuel while utilizing manpower more effectively.

2. Eliminating the need for and travel to Transfer Stations

3. Reducing travel to Landfills by 90%

3. Pellets (RDF fuel) are stored for transporting to energy generating operations and "BURNED" as required and not necessarily to meet the convenience of Mass Burn Incineration which requires greater floor space for daily storage of waste resulting in odors.

4. Eliminate the need to exhaust potential energy to the atmosphere during Low or "Non-Demand" periods by creating desired Steam/Electric Energy as is required.

5. The separated (classified) combustible Municipal Solid Waste material can be combined with higher BTU additives, such as Ohio (high sulfur) Coal and vehicle tire stock, resulting in:

  • An RDF Fuel having greater heat value;
  • Minimizing additional disposal requirements;
  • Assisting in employment continuity;
  • Accomplishing above with equipment and a component system which meets EPA regulation standards.
  • 7500 TO 8500 BTU/lb. Heat Value
  • Low sulphur content (0.2%)
  • Resultant Ash acceptable to EPA approved non-hazardous landfills or utilize in other recycled products and processes.